The measurement of LEDs presents unique application requirements for which Avantes has the appropriate instrumentation and applications experience to assist our customers in configuring a system. Avantes’ many years of working with LED application has prompted us to develop a variety of system configurations that meets most LED metrology requirements. Light Emitting Diodes can be measured in a wide variety of colors and brightness. Accurate measurement of the LEDs therefore is essential. This can be done in two ways: photometry and radiometry.
Photometry relates to visible radiation alone, just as the response of the human eye. Radiometry goes beyond these limitations. In both photometry and radiometry, the LED can be characterized in emitted power or in intensity. Emitted power is all the power (flux) emitted from the LED in lumens or Watts, collected and measured without regards to the direction of the flux. The intensity is the ratio of the flux, leaving the source and propagating in the element of solid angle containing the given direction, and is expressed in candelas.
For basic measurements of photopic parameters and irradiance (excluding flux) a system is typically configured with the AvaSpec-ULS2048-USB2-FCPC spectrometers, a 25 or 50 µm slit and 300 line/mm grating covering the range from 360-1100 nm and provides 1.4 -2.4 nm full width half maximum (FWHM) resolution. A 2 meter fiber-optic cable (FC-UV200-2-FC-SMA) is mated to the instrument and terminated in a cosine function diffuser (CC-UV/VIS/NIR) which has 3.9 mm diameter surface area. The entire system is irradiance calibrated with an NIST source over the specified wavelength range for spectral irradiance (µW/cm2/nm). This calibrated system can be operated using Avantes proprietary AvaSoft-IRRAD software which provides the following parameters: X, Y, Z, x, y, z, u, v, CRI, Color Temperature, Dominant Wavelength, Complementary Dominant Wavelength, FWHM, Centroid, Peak Wavelength & Purity. Additionally raw data in scope mode is displayed, as well as the X-Y chroma-ticity diagram. Optionally, the system can be configured with longer fiber lengths and the AvaTripod to hold the diffuser in place during measurement. The system can be controlled via Avantes dynamic linking library (DLL) interface through LabView, C#, C++ and a number of other programming environments.
For flux measurements the entire LED must be inserted into the port of an integrating sphere. Avantes offers a complete line of integrating spheres ranging from 30-200 mm (internal diameter).
For system calibrations, Avantes offers the AvaLight-HAL-CAL calibration sources which are offered in configurations that are compatible with cosine diffusers and small integrating spheres (30, 50, 80 mm).