The measurement of LED (Light-Emitting Diode) presents unique application requirements for which Avantes has the appropriate instrumentation and applications experience to assist our customers in configuring a system. Avantes’ many years of working with LED application has prompted us to develop a variety of system configurations that meets most LED metrology requirements. Light-emitting diodes can be measured in a wide variety of colours and brightness. Accurate measurement of the LEDs therefore is essential. This can be done in two ways: photometry and radiometry.
Photometry relates to visible radiation alone, just as the response of the human eye. Radiometry goes beyond these limitations. In both photometry and radiometry, the LED can be characterized in emitted power or in intensity. Emitted power is all the power (flux) emitted from the LED in lumens or Watts, collected and measured without regard to the direction of the flux. The intensity is the ratio of the flux, leaving the source and propagating in the element of solid angle containing the given direction, and is expressed in candelas.
LED Measurement Setup
For basic measurements of photopic parameters and irradiance (excluding flux), a system is typically configured with the AvaSpec-ULS2048CL-EVO spectrometers, a 25 µm FC/PC slit and 300 line/mm grating covering the range from 350-1000 nm and provides 1.4 -2.4 nm full width half maximum (FWHM) resolution. A 2-metre fibre-optic cable (FC-UV200-2-FC-SMA) is mated to the instrument and terminated in a cosine function diffuser (CC-UV/VIS/NIR) which has 3.9 mm diameter surface area. The entire system is irradiance calibrated with an NIST source over the specified wavelength range for spectral irradiance (µW/cm2/nm).
This calibrated system can be operated using Avantes proprietary AvaSoft-IRRAD software which provides the following parameters: X, Y, Z, x, y, z, u, v, CRI, Colour Temperature, Dominant Wavelength, Complementary Dominant Wavelength, FWHM, Centroid, Peak Wavelength & Purity.
Additionally raw data in scope mode is displayed, as well as the X-Y chromaticity diagram. Optionally, the system can be configured with longer fibre lengths and the AvaTripod to hold the diffuser in place during measurement. The system can be controlled via Avantes dynamic linking library (DLL) interface through LabView, C#, C++ and a number of other programming environments.
For flux measurements the entire LED must be inserted into the port of an integrating sphere. Avantes offers a complete line of integrating spheres ranging from 30-200 mm (internal diameter).
For system calibrations, Avantes offers the AvaLight-HAL-CAL calibration sources which are offered in configurations that are compatible with cosine diffusers and small integrating spheres (30, 50, 80 mm).
Why choose Avantes for your LED lighting application?
- Modular products for flexible setups
- Fast and accurate measurements
- Real-time process monitoring
- Calibration capabilities including intensity and field calibrations